Categorical Perception and Reading Skill: A Survey of Japanese Second Graders

URI http://cur-ren.cjc.ac.jp/metadata/808
FulltextURL
Title
Categorical Perception and Reading Skill: A Survey of Japanese Second Graders
Author
著者 Ogino Tatsuya
著者(別表記)
著者 Hanafusa Kaoru
著者(別表記)
著者 Morooka Teruko
著者(別表記)
著者 Takeuchi Akihito
著者(別表記)
著者 Oka Makio
著者(別表記)
著者 Tsushima Yasuko
著者(別表記)
著者 Sanada Satoshi
著者(別表記)
著者 Ohtsuka Yoko
著者(別表記)
Abstract

Background: The relationship between reading ability and categorical judgment of speech sounds in children whose native language is Japanese is unclear. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the impact of categorical perception on the development of reading ability in children whose native language is Japanese.
Methods: First, forty second-graders (F18, M22; 7y4m−8y4m) attending a public elementary school were tested for reading time and reading errors using the monomoraic syllable reading test, the word and non-word reading tests, and the single sentence reading test. Reading time scores and reading error scores which lay more than 1.5 times the interquartile range (IQR) higher than the third quartile were considered outliers. Next, 30 out of these 40 children were tested using the categorical perception task. A thirteen-step stimulus continuum from /ka/ to /ga/, made by changing voice onset time, was presented to the subjects with the steps in random order, and the subjects made judgments as to whether each stimulus sounded more like /ka/ or /ga/.
Results: Reading time as assessed through all 4 tasks and reading errors as assessed through the non-word reading test and the single sentence reading test correlated weakly with the Categorical Perception Index (CPI), which indicated the stability of categorical judgment. In addition, the number of scores which were outliers also showed a weak correlation with CPI.
Conclusion: These results suggest that categorical perception ability affects the development of reading ability in children whose native language is Japanese.

Subject
370 Education
Keyword
Categorical Perception
Dyslexia
Japanese Children
Second-Graders
Voice Onset Time
References

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Publish Date
2014
Publication Title
Chugokugakuen journal
Volume
13
Start Page
39
End Page
45
ISSN
1348-1452
NCID
AA11806612
Publisher Alternative
Chugokugakuen University/Chugoku Junior College
Copyright Holders
中国学園大学
中国短期大学
Contents Type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
language
English
File Version
publisher